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Festivals and Celebrations

The cultural heritage of Nepal has evolved over the centuries. This multi-dimensional heritage encompasses the diversities of Nepal’s ethnic, tribal, and social groups, and it manifests in music and dance; art and craft; folklore and folktales; languages and literature; philosophy and religion; festivals and celebration; foods and drinks. The 2011 Census listed a population of around 28 million belonging to 125 castes and more than 101 ethnic groups speaking 123 languages and dialects, making Nepal one of the most highly culturally diversified countries.

The culture of Nepal is rich and unique. The cultural heritage of Nepal has evolved over the centuries. This multi-dimensional heritage encompasses the diversities of Nepal’s ethnic, tribal, and social groups, and it manifests in music and dance; art and craft; folklore and folktales; languages and literature; philosophy and religion; festivals and celebration; foods and drinks. The 2011 Census listed a population of around 28 million belonging to 125 castes and more than 101 ethnic groups speaking 123 languages. Nepal’s linguistic heritage has evolved from three major language groups: Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman, and Indigenous. The major languages of Nepal (percent spoken as mother tongue) are Nepali (44.6%), Maithili (11.7%), Bhojpuri (6%), Tharu (5.8%), Tamang (5.1%), Nepal Bhasa (3.2%), Magar (3%), and Bajjika (3%). The distinction in caste and ethnicity brought together diversity in the way of life, food, and spoken language.

In Nepal, there are 365 days of festivals and celebrations. Several of the festivals of Nepal last from one to several days. Dashain is the longest festival in Nepal. The Newars celebrate the festival as Mohani Nakha. Tihar, Swanti, and Chhath are other important festivals in Nepal. New Year’s Day of the lunar calendar Nepal Sambat occurs at this time, and other important festivals include Buddha Jayanti (the celebration of the birth of Lord Buddha). During Maha Shivaratri (a festival of Lord Shiva) and Maha Shivaratri festivities, some people consume excessive drinks and smoke charas. Sherpas, mostly located at higher altitudes and in the Mount Everest region, celebrate Mani Rimdu for the good of the world. In Kathmandu Living goddess Kumari is worshipped There are Jatras of different kinds celebrated, mainly Indra Jatra( Adobe of heaven) Bhudyo’ Karunamaya’ Jatra, god of rain and prosperity, is the longest Jatra of Kathmandu Valley. Bika Jatra in Bhaktapur is celebrated during the New Year. Most festivals include dancing and music, and a variety of foods are consumed during festivals and on special occasions. The Sagan ceremony is the ritualized presentation of five food items (boiled eggs, smoked fish, meat, lentil cake, and rice wine) to a person, which is done to bring good fortune as per Tantric tradition. Buddha is widely worshiped by both Buddhists and Hindus in Nepal. The five Dhyani Buddhas—Vairochana, Akshobhaya, Rathasambhava, Amitabha, and Amoghasiddhi—represent the five basic elements: earth, fire, water, air, and ether.

 

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